Monday, April 30, 2007

Dr. Janet Louise Parker, D.V.M. Emergency and Disaster Response Training

FEMA TRAINING – Emergency and Disaster Response

EMI Study Program

Basic Incident Command System IS-195
Emergency Planning IS 235
Animals in Disaster Awareness and Preparedness IS-010
Animals in Disaster: Community Planning IS -011
Leadership & Influence IS-240
Decision Making and Problem Solving IS-241
Effective Communication IS-242
Developing and Managing Volunteers IS-244
Role of Voluntary Agencies in Emergency Management IS-288


1) University of Washington
School of Public Health and Cummity Medicine
Northwest Center for Public Health Practice
Northwest Institute for Public Health Practice

Course in Epidemiological Methods Sept. 2002
Bioterrorism and Emergency Public Health Preparedness
32.5 CDC Health Education Credits

2) BioDefense Mobilization 2002 Conference
April 9-11, 2002

3) Washington State Department of Agriculture
Reserve Veterinary Corps Training Course May 19, 2004

Incident Command System
WSDA Emergency Response to FAD
Operational Plan
Public Information
Epidemiology, Trace Back
Animal Disposal
Cleaning and disinfecting Procedures and Problems
Bioterrorism and Biosecurity

Tuesday, April 24, 2007

Hospital HMO's and Terrorist Funding

My article in the New Criminologist
Hospital HMO's and Terrorist Funding: By Dr. Janet Parker Published on 11 June 2005 Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M.,B.S.


By Dr. Janet Parker

On June 4, 2005 Joe Webber, a 30-year veteran of US federal law enforcement, claimed publicly on Dateline NBC that the FBI halted a key US Customs investigation into terrorist funding by Operation Green Quest. On Dateline’s television program titled “Have 'turf battles' impeded U.S. war on terror?” Joe Webber says the government sat on important information about suspected terrorist activity on U.S. soil. He's so outraged, he says, he's willing to risk his career by going public. Perhaps we should start listening to our governmental whistle blowers.
Joe Webber runs the Houston office of the Department of Homeland Security's Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, “ICE” for short. Two and half years ago US Customs started investigating a man believed to be raising money for terrorists. The suspect was in direct contact with known terrorists. Operation Greenquest has been dismantled.

In March 2002 Operation Greenquest, a Joint Terrorism Task Force, raided the offices of the SAAR network organizations and the residences of their top executives. Sulaiman Abdul Aziz Rajihi, a Saudi sheik, set up the SAAR Foundation. Ostensibly the foundation was to support Middle Eastern scholars and scientists and fund charitable programs in Islamic countries. It was part of the SAFA Trust Group, a group of shell companies with headquarters located at. in Herndon, Virginia. The convoluted nature of the myriad transactions between Safa Group companies and charities, and the fact that much of the money was sent to tax havens with bank secrecy laws, makes the money impossible to trace. Federal law enforcement authorities believe SAAR was set up specifically to raise funds and launder money for international terrorist groups like Hamas, al Qaeda, Hezbollah and the Palestine Islamic Jihad. People associated with the SAAR Foundation and it’s network have been implicated in the United States Embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania. Of $54 million dollars raised by the SAAR Foundation for "charity," $26 million went in untraceable money to the Isle of Man, a notorious location for money laundering.

The money laundering and fundraising activities of the terrorists often involve Non-governmental Organizations (NGO’s). Increasingly we are concerned that they are infiltrating our established organizations such as medical establishments. Consider the case of Dr. Magdy el-Amir and the American Preferred Provider Plan Inc., which was reported in August 2002 by NBC’s Dateline. Remember medical whistle blowers are necessary to bring Medicare fraud to the attention of the law enforcement authorities.

Dr. el-Amir, an Egyptian immigrant, started a storefront medical practice in Jersey City. Dr. el-Amir contributed generously to Republican candidates, nearly $18,000 in 1996. With no experience running a managed-care or health insurance company, Dr. el-Amir was granted a license for an Health Maintenance Organization or HMO and a lucrative contract that paid $6 million a month in taxpayers money. In 3 years Dr. el-Amir’s HMO, the American Preferred Provider Plan Inc., lay in financial ruins, its network doctors and hospitals were burdened with millions of dollars in unpaid claims.

Did officials know of Dr. el-Amir’s financial ties to terrorism?

It was known that Dr. el-Amir gave money to Sheik Omar Abdel Rahman, a conspirator in the 1993 World Trade Center Bombing. In 1998 a foreign intelligence report, given to Congressman Ben Gilman (House International Relations Committee), alleged that Dr. el-Amir in New Jersey was skimming money from the HMO to fund ‘terrorist activities. Dr. el-Amir’s own brother, Mohamed was caught on tape trying to buy tanks from Randy Glass, the con man-turned-undercover operative who helped the government break up an illegal weapons ring in Cairo.

Dr. el-Amir’s HMO has now been taken over by the state of New Jersey. More than $15 million is unaccounted for and probably ended up in offshore bank accounts. Now New Jersey state regulators are selling the assets of the American Preferred Provider Plan Inc., to salvage some money for doctors and hospitals. It is calculated that there has been more than $45 million in losses. The American Preferred Provider provided managed care plans which were supposed to control health care costs for 44,000 poor women and children in New Jersey.

Asst. Attorney General Michael Chertoff told the Senate Banking Committee looking into the terrorists’ money trail in the aftermath of 9/11, ‘Frankly, we can’t differentiate between terrorism and organized crime and drug dealing,’ then- ‘These groups don’t hold themselves independently: They work with one another. Terrorists get engaged in drug activity. They have relationships with organized crime.’

According to The Bergen Record February 22, 2000, "A year after a Medicaid HMO accused of misusing state and federal funds was dissolved by the state, its founder is still enjoying a millionaire's income while the hospitals and doctors who allegedly were defrauded delay programs for the poor and fight for restitution.”

Attorney Michael Chertoff (now DHS Homeland Security Chief) was Dr. el-Amir’s lawyer for this case. He protected his client well. Chertoff went on to head the U.S.'s investigation into the September 11th attack and become the DHS Homeland Security Chief. No criminal charges have been filed against Dr. Magdy el-Amir, Dr. el-Amir continues to practice in New Jersey and still operates a chain of MRI facilities in Newark, Irvington, and Paterson, and a medical management company.


Victoria Corderi and Richard Greenberg “Have 'turf battles' impeded U.S. war on terror? Federal agent claims FBI halted key investigation” Dateline NBC June 3, 2005

Chris Hansen and Ann Curry “Trail of Terror” DATELINE Investigation with Stone Phillips, Dateline NBC, August 2, 2002

Douglas Farah “Muslim groups in D.C. region linked to funding of extremists” Washington Post, 10/19/2003

The Financing of Terrorism, Northeast Intelligence Network

Eunice Moscoso and Rebecca Carr “Targets of terror financing probe had political clout” The Atlanta Journal-Constitution 12/12/03

Jonathan Wells, Jack Meyers, “Under suspicion: HUB mosque leader tied to radical groups” Boston Herald Wednesday, October 29, 2003


RANDY DIAMOND, “JUDGE ORDERS BOND, FREEZES ASSETS OF FAILING HMO'S OWNER” The Record (Bergen County, NJ) December 18, 1998; FRIDAY Trenton Bureau NEWS; Pg. A03

RANDY DIAMOND, “STATE ALLEGES DOCTOR TOOK $6M FROM FAILED HMO” The Record (Bergen County, NJ) December 16, 1998; WEDNESDAY Trenton Bureau NEWS; Pg. A03

Metropolitan Desk, “Judge Freezes Assets Of Head of H.M.O.”
The New York Times, December 18, 1998 Section B; Page 8; Column 5


JEFFREY TOOBIN, “ CRACKDOWN” The New Yorker 1/10/05

Did Bush's New Homeland Chief Shield Terror Ring in New Jersey? Madcow January 12, 2005

Public Intelligence and Peacekeeping

Public Intelligence and Peacekeeping Published on 24 July 2005 Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M., B.S. “A Nation’s best defense is an educated citizenry.” Thomas Jefferson

Today as a nation and globally, we face multiple non-state and environmental threats such as terrorism, genocide, transnational crime, bioterrorism and toxic bombs. Other vital non-traditional threats include emerging diseases (such as HIV, SARS) food safety and energy shortages. The world we live in is more connected than ever through rapid international travel, global trade, and computerized information exchange. We face the challenges of political instability, weapons proliferation and immigration. "Finding the needle in the haystack" has become very difficult but never more critical. But if we can intervene before a terrorist can execute his suicide mission rather than afterward, we can avoid the human and economic cost of war. Clearly intelligence which is collected legally with due regard to civil rights can help prevent war, death and disease.
As 9/11 and the recent London bombings have showed us, the terrorist threat is often covert, and transnational. Reading the terrorist’s mind is as important as knowing his capabilities. Raw data without analysis is meaningless. The transnational terrorist’s organization is decentralized. They may have no clear territorial base and they may be relatively undisciplined. Many of the terrorist’s capabilities are diffused throughout the organization. They may use these abilities as they see fit at the moment, rather than being instructed to do so by a centralized authority figure. The Al Qaeda is said to have cells in sixty countries and the ability to move rapidly from one place to another. The groups have a strong tendency to splinter and have shifting alliances as well as rivalries. The Takfir wal-Hijra (TWH) is a good example of this, as they are associated with Al
Qaeda but many members criticized Osama Bin Laden as being too cooperative with the countries of the West (especially the USA). The TWH even unsuccessfully attempted to kill him. The TWH also maintains terrorist cells in various countries, which often have no direct ties to Al Qaeda. Although the members of the TWH listen carefully to the Fatawa of the Al Qaeda, they also take religious instruction from other sources associated with the Muslim Brotherhood. The members of the TWH also shift easily from criminal to terrorist activity. A fatwa (Arabic: ....................) plural fatawa (Arabic: .....................) , is a legal pronouncement in Islam, issued by a religious law specialist on a specific issue. Usually a fatwa is issued at the request of an individual or a judge to settle a question where ’’figh,’’ Islamic jurisprudence, is unclear. A scholar capable of issuing fatwas is known as a Mufti.

We, as citizens, need to understand the culture of the intelligence agencies, and to demand positive change in their recruitment efforts, training and supervision. If there is one area where the United States must change policy and goals in order to protect our nation from terrorism, it is in the area of Intelligence gathering and analysis. The professionals whose job is to collect and analyse intelligence, must be able to think the unthinkable, to make sense out of evil. In order to perform this task, they must have an understanding and appreciation of the various cultural and religious beliefs. A historical perspective of ethnic conflict is crucial to appropriate analysis and decision-making. This is especially important in understanding the Middle Eastern Conflicts.
We must understand the culture we are studying but also are own culture and the limitations that places on our ability to understand and respond to intelligence. The existing culture of the public and private intelligence services, significantly negatively affects our national security. We need to consider as a society the training and supervision of these elite intelligence professionals. Knowledge is now the most salient aspect of social control and hence the most important
foundation for national power. Power is shifting from states to groups, from muscle power to brainpower. Conflicts of the future will revolve around the quest for knowledge and will be decided by who can collect, analyze, and disseminate intelligence most effectively and efficiently.
As peace advocates, we must confront our political representatives for a positive change instead of allowing previous historical approaches to dictate intelligence practice. Intelligence must be public rather than secret. We want the intelligence professionals to learn how to share rather than steal. The intelligence community should depend more on open sources and less on secret sources.
We, as citizens, must demand open discourse, which is better than silencing whistleblowers. We must not punish the “Truth Sayers” but instead create laws to protect their right to provide timely accurate field information. Our government should acknowledge mistakes rather than seek to conceal them. We need to learn to value human expertise over technical spending and analysis over collection. They must be able to translate what we obtain and must have a multi-lingual perspective rather than monolingual. We, as a nation, must learn to have cultural and historical perspective so that we can emphasise multilateral cooperation over unilateral operations. This includes addressing cultural differences between organizations and governmental agencies within our own country. The intelligence community needs to cultivate cooperative sharing between organizations and learn to bridge the differences between them. Our national decision makers must replace long-term thinking over short-term thinking.
The traditional craft of intelligence has focused almost exclusively on secret sources, and within secret sources, very heavily on sources amenable to technical as opposed to human collection. This means that we as a nation depend more on satellite collection rather than on-the-ground human sources or even technical experts. Much of this gathered data does not get translated and
is not even analyzed. The intelligence community should try to achieve a balance between technical and human collection, between collection and processing, between production and reflection, and between data compilation or specific directed inquires.
Growing intelligence is about understanding change-most importantly cultural change. While government and business leaders say that they are open to the issues of cultural change, few are able to translate that understanding into successful action. Decision makers often want, the rewards of intelligence, but do not welcome the challenging process of changing their cultural orientation in order to successfully integrate intelligence.
Intelligence is a double-edged sword that must be handled with maturity, for the bare truth is not always easy to face. Politicians or executives may fear the Truth that intelligence brings if it threatens their own career plans. It is best to approach with humility the change necessary to bring intelligence into a government or organization. The greater the Truth, the more psychological obstacles, people and organizations may have to overcome, before accepting it. The recent events highlight the need to strengthen free speech protections for those who raise alarms about the terrorist threat. The freedom to warn must be on top of the agenda in the fight against terrorism. In the rush to address national security issues, there are concerns that civil liberties may have become casualties. It is a sad fact that sounding the alarm has usually resulted in punishment, not reward for government workers. This reaction to unwelcome intelligence truth persists even when the urgent concerns expressed, have been done discreetly and through proper channels. It is important to national security that we not let restrictive measures weaken the already tenuous free speech protections of federal workers and others who have the critical access to field knowledge. They must be acknowledged as being our first line of contact for intelligence gathering.
On the other hand, intelligence is not a panacea. Government officials and corporate executives may have unrealistic expectations. If they themselves do
not know where they are headed, no amount of intelligence will help them. Those with coherent goals and a willingness to adapt to new information will gain the most from intelligence.
Developing an intelligent nation or organization is as much a psychological as an analytical or logistical process. The challenge is not just about acquiring valuable information but also about rethinking the organization's accepted beliefs and practices. Both go hand in hand. Accepting the lessons from intelligence requires learning how to learn. Developing an intelligent organization is therefore about building an organization of learners. The greatest strength of a democracy is an informed populace. Becoming an intelligent learner is not only about finding valuable information, but also being open to new ideas and concepts. Equally important, is understanding the limitations of one's own cultural intelligence framework, transcending one's biases, and recognizing the value of best intelligence practices across cultures. By integrating these practices we will redefine the world in a new way, as a consequence of recreating our relationship to it.
Different beliefs about intelligence lead to different attitudes and practices, which, in turn, create different intelligence abilities and disabilities. Cultures evolve, that foster or inhibit intelligence. Rarely are national cultural influences questioned because they are particularly powerful and are shared across religions, levels of education, social networks, companies and professions.
The tendency to “group think” is inherent in our system. Despite the sophistication and size of the intelligence community, it is still relatively small and isolated group of people. The Intelligence community is understandably and necessarily preoccupied with protecting sources and methods. Because in any bureaucracy there are limited resources, intelligence bureaucrats, like managers of any type, strive to please their policy bosses. With isolation, a common cultural base and similar training and experience, intelligence analysts often have a narrowness of perspective. The short hand label given to this problem is “group
think.” Creative analysis of intelligence often requires “out of the box” thinking and a willingness to accept change with all its inherent risk.
All intelligence information must be analyzed in relationship to culture and history. Culture has deep, permanent roots in language, which, from birth, encodes images, concepts and patterns of thinking into the people much like one programs a computer chip. Languages often have unique ways to express thoughts – some of these are difficult to successfully translate. Consider the word Jihad. Jihad (Jihad ....) is from the Arabic Jhd ("to exert utmost effort, to strive, struggle"), which connotes a wide range of meanings: anything from an inward spiritual struggle to attain perfect faith, to a political or military struggle to further the Islamic cause. The term is frequently interpreted to mean “holy war” in English. The meaning of "Islamic cause" is of course open to interpretation. Throughout life, both language and culture serve as a means of perceiving, representing and relating. Therefore language is important in shaping culture and the culture is important in shaping intelligence.

Each individual's cognitive process is dominated by different affinities and avoidances. Every person, and by extension every organization, has a natural affinity for certain concepts and ideas. While some persons or organizations are fact- oriented, others prefer to use their intuition. Some may be satisfied with creative approximation, while others may need specific details. Preferences and avoidances along key ideas and concepts reveal a person's or organization's approach to intelligence.
Creating a culture of intelligence requires continuous integration within the organization. Such intelligence finds its source in people, not in logic. It rests on a shared emotional understanding and so there is a deep human side to intelligence. It connects and unites people, offering them something larger than themselves to be part of. It gives them the chance to build something important
and to do it with others. Emotions and intuition play a large role. This can be a constructive or a destructive force. The Islamic Jihadists have a very strong-shared emotional understanding and therefore great cohesion as a group. This cultural group cohesion is also true for law enforcement officers, intelligence agents and our national decision makers.

Very public intelligence... (©Bob McMahon)
Intelligence is about decision-support--about answering the question!
Intelligence is most valuable to the public interest when it constantly educates policymakers in a compelling manner.

* Public intelligence will change what we spend money on.
* Public intelligence will change when & how we intervene.
* Public intelligence will change who does the thinking & deciding.
* Public intelligence will change who makes a difference & how.
* Public intelligence will change how the world views intelligence.
* Public intelligence will change the strategic focus of all organisations.

I graciously acknowledge this material is based on the work of Robert David Steele and his excellent article, Information Peacekeeping & The Future of Intelligence: The United Nations, Smart Mobs, & the Seven Tribes[i]
Robert David Steele

I also graciously acknowledge the excellent work by Jean-Marie Bonthous
Jean-Marie Bonthous is the founder and president of JMB International, a business/competitive intelligence firm based in New York and Paris. The firm helps public and private sector organizations transform performance and competitiveness through insightful, effective use of intelligence. Mr. Bonthous' main areas of expertise are in strategic management and in the development of organizational intelligence capabilities. He has been published in trade publications and is a frequent guest lecturer at New York University. The article “Culture the missing intelligence variable” is excerpted from a 45-pages article in the International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, v.6, n.4, Winter 1993.
And encourage you to find his work at the following website: 040320/793dd553c0f72ed0c94e198d385398c7/OSS1993-01-06.pdf –

9-11 COMMISSION RECOMMENDATIONS: COUNTERTERRORISM ANALYSIS AND COLLECTION The testimony before the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence US House of Representatives “THE REQUIREMENT FOR IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY “ August 4, 2004 A Statement by John J. Hamre President and CEO CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, 1800 K STREET, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20006

Howard Kurtz “The Post on WMDs: An Inside Story Prewar Articles Questioning Threat Often Didn't Make Front Page” Washington Post Staff Thursday, August 12, 2004; Page A01
I also wish to express my deep gratitude for the permission to use the fine work of the cartoonist Bob McMahon. Additional work by this artist can be viewed at

The Perfect Poison

The Perfect Poison. By Dr. Janet Parker
Published on 31 May 2005 Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M.,B.S.
In The New Criminologist Online.

The Perfect Poison
By Dr. Janet Parker

Published on 31 May 2005 Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M., B.S.

Drug Facilitated Rape is similar to other poisonings, as it is one of the easiest crimes to commit, and very hard to prosecute. The perfect drug poison for this purpose would be tasteless, odorless, colorless, easy to obtain and impossible to detect. So it is now evident that a new weapon in the form of a drug, is now available for rapists and it costs only a few dollars to buy. It is readily available on the streets of our major cities, at raves, in health food stores and gyms. Although GHB isn't tasteless and odorless, its taste may be masked and it has no distinctive odor. It is a drug called GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate). There are also several other drugs GBL, GB and others. GHB is known as G, liquid X, liquid E, Georgia homeboy, goop, gamma-oh, grievous bodily harm, easy lay, and Blue Verve. GHB renders the rape victims unable to protect themselves. A serial rapist had been using this drug to rape young girls at the local shopping mall. The scheme is quite simple. The rapist places an advertisement for models in the local newspaper. He arranges for an appointment with the young girl or boy for a “photo shoot”. He has a courier pick up the girl/boy and drive her to the “studio”. The courier then gives the girl a dose of this drug hidden in a soda can of Mountain Dew, Pepsi or Sprite. The dosage of this drug is determined by the “photographer” by estimating the girl’s weight. When the drug starts to take effect the victim starts to vomit. This is a sign that the drug is working and the “photo shoot” can begin. The young victim will not remember the day’s events because she/he will have almost complete amnesia due to the effects of the drug. The
courier delivers the victim to the photographer when she feels the victim is adequately impaired. That way the victim can never identify the rapist. Before the amnesia of the drug wears off the victim is dumped in a 3rd location 20 minutes away from the site of the “photo shoot”. If the victim is able to remember any details of the crime, her/his recollection will be confusing and frightening, and disjointed memories of the events. There are multiple victims of this serial rapist.
A 55 gallon drum of the drug GBL diverted to illegal use and represents 80,000 doses of the date rape drug. This rapist was involved in that diversion and the money laundering apparatus behind this organized crime group. A 55 gallon drum costs but a few hundred dollars but nets 1.9 million dollars in profits. That buys a lot of protection. If the victim is fool hardy enough to report to the police, she/he may experience immediate retaliation. Protection can include accusations by drug addicts that the victim is actually a drug abuser. These accusations are easy to obtain by the drug dealer offering several months of free drug supply in exchange for the falsified complaint. This can leave the victim helpless in the face of an organized campaign of character assignation. Drug Facilitated Rape is a crime that is difficult to investigate and even harder to prosecute. This drug not only may render the victim unconscious but produces Anterograde amnesia which is a condition in which events that occurred during the time the drug was in effect are forgotten. Because the drug impairs the victim’s memory and their ability to recognize signs of sexual assault, victims may not seek help until days after the assault. The surreptitious drugging of a victim is, in and of itself, a cruel and criminal violation of the person. There are estimates that as many as 20% of all rapes are facilitated with drugs. Gay and lesbian populations use GHB as a recreational drug. In some cases, it is also used in this community for rape or robbery purposes. Delayed reports also are common, particularly in acquaintance rapes. A Victim may appear drunk or impaired and the rapist taking the victim to another place may appear to
onlookers as assisting an impaired person. The rapist may even call in a complaint to the police or medical professionals that the victim is impaired. These accusations are impossible to deflect as the victim is unable to protect themselves while under the affects of the drug, the rapist administered. The coercive drug treatment programs may not allow the victim to prove their innocence and may further degrade, humiliate and psychologically damage the rape victim. Some victims suffer auto accidents while trying to get home when they are still under the effects of the drug. Responding police officers may assume the voluntary ingestion of alcohol or drugs and sometimes they may not consider the driver to be a rape victim and do the appropriate rape kit. The symptoms of GHB (generally brought on by only one to two teaspoons) may peak in as few as 15 minutes and last from 3 to 6 hours. The person may not remember anything or very little about the episode and may experience impaired judgment. GHB may cause enhanced sexual feelings by the victim. Thus the victim may participate in reciprocal acts, as a result of the drug, rather than free will. After ingestion, GHB will remain in the blood stream in a measurable amount for only 4 to 7 hours. However, the urine stream should have GHB in it for up to 12 hours after ingestion. There is no hospital screening test for GHB/GBL and very few forensic labs can perform the analysis. While the victim is still under the effects of the drug, the rapist has plenty of time to create a plausible cover story. In drug-facilitated rapes, the additional deprivation of cognition during the assault, combined with anterograde amnesia afterwards, subjects the victim to an extreme form of powerlessness which is profoundly traumatic. Victims may be unable or unwilling to go to a hospital until after the drug may have completely metabolized from their system. Victims feel powerless as a result of the sexual assault and being drugged, and now may have difficulties prosecuting. Because the victim’s ability to describe the events of the rape is impaired, these cases are especially hard to investigate and prosecute. The victim’s statement is essential to guide the medical/evidentiary
examination and the police investigation. Because most victims of drug-facilitated rapes have no memory of the sexual assault, people may mistakenly minimize the trauma. The majority of mental health professionals surveyed (84%) agreed that contact with law enforcement and social service providers re-traumatizes rape victims. Remember that Rape drugs make it relatively easy for rapists to gain control of their victims. The rapist does not have to overcome any form of resistance. There is no need for physical force or threats. The drugs they administer immobilize and silence the victim. Drug rapists are most commonly serial rapists. They will commit this crime again. For further information visit the web site References: Archambault, Joanne “Dynamics of Sexual Assault” Training Director, Sexual Assault Training and Investigations, SATI, Inc, SATI, Inc., Addy, WA 99101-0033, Porrata, Trinka D. “GHB & Its Analogs: The Hidden Curse of Addiction” Rave & Rape Drug Consultant, 1-888-530-8472 Drug-Facilitated Rape: Looking for the Missing Pieces, Nora Fitzgerald and K. Jack Riley, PhD, Journal, National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC: April 2000, Lopez , Mary Ann Herald Staff Writer, “Date-rape nightmare” November 28, 2004, The Durango Herald,
Smith, Jordan, “Virginia Glore Asked the APD for a Rape Test -- Instead, They're Prosecuting Her for DWI: Raped Twice?” October 2001 Austin Chronicle, “National Project on Drink Spiking: Investigating the nature and extent of drink spiking in Australia” Commissioned by the Ministerial Council on Drug Strategy, Prepared by: Natalie Taylor, Jeremy Prichard and Kate Charlton, Australian Institute of Criminology, November 2004, ONDCP FACT SHEET: Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse, “Ecstasy and Predatory Drugs” U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration, Washington, D.C. DEA Microgram Vol. XXXVII, NO. 1, January 2004, Drug Enforcement Administration Office of Forensic Sciences Washington, D.C. 20537 Office of National Drug Control Policy, “Pulse Check: Trends in Drug Abuse: Ecstasy and Club Drugs+, April 2002 Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network, 635-B Pennsylvania Ave., SE, Washington, DC 20003, 202.544.1034 or 1.800.656.4673 ext. three, Rape victim hotline 1.800.656.HOPE, National Drug Intelligence Center, Massachusetts Drug Threat Assessment
Update, May 2003, Other Dangerous Drugs DEA Seattle Field Division, Divison Intelligence Group, Selected Intelligence Brief: “ECSTASY AND CLUB DRUG TRAFFICKING IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST”, 206/553-1030 Successfully Investigating Acquaintance Sexual Assault : A National Training Manual for Law Enforcement, The National Center for Women and Policing / Publication Date: May 2001 Jessica McKendry Dubin “Rapists discover new weapons: The problem and response to Drug Facilitated Sexual Assault” Food and Drug Law Professor Peter Barton Hutt, 3rd year paper at Harvard Law School, MAY 1, 2001 Rebecca Campbell, and Sheela Raja, “Secondary Victimization of Rape Victims: Insights from Mental Health Professionals Who Treat Survivors of Violence” University of Illinois at Chicago, Violence and Victims, V. 14 (3), 1999, National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center Bernstein , David S. "All methed up: The comeback of HIV and STDs - and the drug that's fueling it," Boston Phoenix, By December 17, 2004 Cambridge Health Alliance Hanne Thiede, DVM, MPH., A Study of Gay Men in Seattle and Drug Use, American Journal of Public Health, November 2003, / Clinical Assistant Professor, Epidemiology, Public Health Seattle And King County, 106 Prefontaine Place South, Seattle, WA 98104, Tel: 206-296-4318, http://www.womenandpolicing.org
Fax: 206-205-4041, San Francisco Women Against Rape • 3543 18th Street, #7 • San Francisco, CA 94110 • / (415) 861-2024 • Rape Treatment Center (RTC) at Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center,
CRIM 1006T Investigative Reports (#1) Group #2 - Rape & Abortion

The Brutal Protection

The Brutal Protection (revised) Published on 22 June 2005 Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M.,B.S.

The Brutal Protection

By Dr. Janet Parker

Law Enforcement Agencies in general prefer to not investigate within the medical professions. They rely heavily on the State Professional Medical Boards to police their own members. The impediments to direct law enforcement investigation include access, complex medical terminology and a lack of understanding of practical medical practice. The Veterinary and Medical Community dislikes having law enforcement involved in anything that might affect their livelihood. There is an unspoken understanding that a doctor should only deal with the State Medical Board regarding complaints and not speak to law enforcement directly. This allows the State Medical Board and the medical professional organizations such as the AVMA and AMA to silence anything that might adversely affect their profession.

The medical establishment asserts that they can police themselves for drug problems within the medical profession and they do not acknowledge that criminal organizations operate within the medical community for drug diversion and money laundering. In order to avoid detection and prosecution by law enforcement, organized criminal operations use coercion, corruption or deception. These organized crime operations will go to great lengths to protect themselves and their investments and assets.

Consider the following scenario: (all names are fictional)

As a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Cathy was proud of her successful career. During her college years she had gotten addicted to powder cocaine. She had struggled with family problems and depression all her life. After 6 years of drug abuse, she went to a drug rehabilitation center and was placed in the “Program” (the State Health Professions Program for Impaired Providers).

Years ago she had injured her back and she was inclined to self medicate to control the pain. The drug addiction treatment doctors arranged for her to see a chiropractor to control the back pain. They recommended aromatherapy and herbal massages to help her relax. Having depression for years she was on
antidepressant medication and seeing a therapist. A common side effect of antidepressant medication is the loss of sexual desire. So she wasn’t surprised when her chiropractor suggested an herbal supplement to relax her and help her “express her sexual side”.

The drug addiction treatment team assured Cathy, that this product was a safe natural product that exists normally in the brain. The massage therapist tells her that this natural product can relieve anxiety, fight stress and depression. The magic herbal supplement was GHB (Gamma Hydroxy Butyrate). The chiropractor, Dr. Berton slips some of this drug in her can of soda prior to her “manipulation”. The drug does relax her and she feels much better for several days after her visit. But her newfound relief from back pain is short lived, so she calls the Chiropractor and asks for some of the herbal product to use at home. Dr. Berton grants her request and tells her it will help her sleep.

On the next chiropractic manipulation, Dr. Berton gives her more of the herbal medication. She gets woozy and feels very relaxed. She hardly noticed when he started to massage her in areas normally considered private. Her memories of the events that day are hazy. The next visit he gives more of the special herbal product, this time she looses consciousness and can’t even remember what happened. When she becomes conscious again, she leaves the medical office confused and dazed. She can hardly remember that she had to redress herself since her clothes were all in disarray.

Soon she is using this product daily to control her back pain, help her relax and to fight depression. She is happy to have found such a miracle drug because she has just lost her employer provided medical coverage for mental health care and the treatment by her own psychiatrist. She stops taking her regular medication and stops seeing her therapist. To her amazement she finds her sexual desire returning while taking this miracle cure. With her renewed interest in having a sexual relationship, she decides to go on line with a dating service and starts dating the men she meets on line.

Cathy has become an unwitting victim of a drug-facilitated rapist. But it will take several more visits before she pieces together the memories and starts to realize that something inappropriate has occurred during her chiropractic visits. Her friend, Dr. Janis, was already concerned, because she had suspected that Cathy was abusing drugs again. Dr. Janis calls the state health provider “Physicians Health Program for Impaired Providers” with her suspicions about the special herbal cure and the Chiropractor.

Unbeknownst to Dr. Janis, she has by making that phone call unknowingly notified the drug mob’s protection network. The medical community is a perfect place for such protection because it is insulated from the scrutiny of law enforcement. Someone closely associated with the Physicians Health Program is on the payroll of the mob. The Chiropractor, who works for the Physicians
Health Program for Impaired Providers, had learned years ago that dirty money is easy to clean and provides excellent protection for his extra curricular activities.

Collaboration is crucial to serious and organized criminals. They form groups and networks and the medical profession is a closed community only open to those with a medical degree. Diversion of drugs for criminal purposes can happen as an individual event, such as the Chiropractor who diverts GHB to do serial rape of his patients. But diversion also occurs wholesale, where supplies are provided to a criminal enterprise on an on-going basis to further their illegal drug production. This is often the case with methamphetamine operations, which need a variety of drugs and chemical supplies to continue their production.

Individuals such as Cathy are often seen as a target for recruitment into the criminal network because they themselves are vulnerable, perhaps in debt to the criminals, drug dependent and considered unlikely to go to the police. Dr. Cathy, as a veterinarian,has access to materials and drugs (such as Phenylpropanamine and Ketamine) that would be of interest to these criminals. Vulnerable individuals (such as drug addicted doctors and nurses) are often forced to sell or divert drugs, or provide moneylaundering services. Medical businesses provide cover for purchases of regulated items, such as precursor chemicals, and for shipments of illicit commodities.

Dr. Janis and Dr. Cathy are soon to find out the brutal realities of whistleblowing on criminal drug activity within the medical community. Organized Criminal Operations such as the one associated with the Chiropractor and his new treatment for depression, can use threats and actual violence to silence potential witnesses, or to force individuals to act against their will. But it is much more effective to use the internal means of Bad Faith Peer Review and Professional Sanctions to silence whistleblowers. Criminal Drug Trafficking Organizations usually don’t like to use any means that will draw attention to their activities. They prefer a protection scheme that is insulated from the scrutiny of law enforcement. Their prefered strategy is to use law enforcement to further their own aims, by making the whistleblower the target of an investigation. They seek individuals placed in positions of authority within the community or organization that can alert them to law enforcement efforts and orchestrate entrapment schemes against anyone foolish enough to expose or confront the mob operation. These individuals are usually very well compensated for their protection efforts. Drug addiction treatment professionals often have a personal history of drug addiction. They have past and current contact with drug addicts and drug dealers. They are the perfect target for the mob’s protection recruitment efforts.

But the Drug Addiction Treatment Program for Impaired Providers provides a special kind of protection for criminal enterprises not found in other sources.
Because of the unique position of the drug addiction treatment team in being able to force treatment against someone’s consent. The use of forced psychiatric examination is a highly intrusive mechanism which is easily manipulated by the criminal protection network to threaten and coerce medical whistleblowers into silence.

According to a subcommittee witness representing the American Psychiatric Association, a finding by an examining psychiatrist of mental illness based on an employee's refusal to respond to a psychiatrist during involuntary examination would be indication of incompetence on the part of the psychiatrist. (Report by of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House of Representatives Committee Print No. 95-20, 95th Congress, 2d Session 11/3/1978) However such paid hacks routinely label the whistle blowing doctors as hostile or non-cooperative.

It would seem fundamental to basic civil rights and human freedoms, that an employee, on a matter as sensitive as is a psychiatric examination, needs access to the courts in order to preserve his reputation, future, and capacity to earn an income. However the state statues regarding the special status of the Drug Addiction Treatment Program for Impaired Providers, expressly forbid any access to the court system. In order to prevent drug addicts and alcoholics from evading medical treatment, the state legislatures have through a series of laws provided these non-governmental agencies with absolute power and authority with little or no oversight. They do not need to abide by law enforcement standards and have the ability through HIPPA and other privacy laws to completely hide their activities from law enforcement. These laws have stripped the medical whistleblower of the normal legal protections for action against those who have seriously harmed the targeted whistle blower economically, psychologically or physically. These laws give the Physicians Health Program complete immunity for any civil and criminal liability. The use of hostile coercive and deceptive tactics, is the norm for the Physicians Health Program for Impaired Providers.

In most states in the USA, any complaint to the Department of Health against a doctor is immediately given to the Physicians Health Program for investigation. Therefore a staff member or cooperating doctor within their program has complete civil and criminal immunity for anything they do to the medical whistleblower. The powers of the staff and deputized agents of this non-governmental agency, include use of state and federal funds to pay for hostile psychiatric examinations of the whistle blowing doctor, forced psychiatric hospitalizations, covert surveillance, drug sting entrapment efforts, surreptitious drugging of non-compliant doctors in the field and complete access into the whistleblower’s personal medical and employment files. These criminal protection efforts can be started with only the accusation of a suspicion of impairment of the targeted doctor. The Physicians Health Program for Impaired
Providers with or without authority from the medical board, can contact the targeted doctor’s employer, employees, family, family doctor, personal therapist, neighbors, friends, church members, professional associates and suggest to them that the whistleblower is impaired and needs to be placed in treatment. Surprisingly no proof of impairment is even needed. The drug addict criminal making the accusation will even be provided with a state funded attorney to protect his rights as the accuser. The targeted whistle blowing doctor will not be given any free legal assistance, not even as a rape victim, if the rapist is a staff or deputized agent of the Physicians Health Program. The target will be told by the District Attorney’s Office that they can not represent her as the rapist is a contract employee of the state and there is a “conflict of interest”.

So if Dr. Cathy reports that she believes she has been raped, she can expect to be placed without her consent into a psychiatric inpatient center until she learns that silence is golden. Likewise Dr. Janis can expect to be the target of a Bad Faith Peer Review and will soon find it hard to find a job and earn a living. Dr. Berton, the drug facilitated rapist, has only to call in an anonymous complaint to put Dr. Janis at risk of involuntary psychiatric referral at the hands of the criminal mob. He is likely to be financially rewarded for his actions.

The code of silence is enforced by threats against the targeted whistle blower’s medical license. Considerable peer pressure is brought to bear on the whistleblower, making it hard to find employment in the medical field. It is hard to prove allegations when employers and co-workers are encouraged to fabricate or exaggerate complaints in the record. Ways silence can be obtained, include framing an associate through altering the record, pressuring hospital staff, paying drug addicts for perjured testimony, and utilizing unscrupulous private investigators to booster their case.

So if you were a Drug Mob Boss - where would you want to hide your money laundering activities.

As the late historian Lord Acton warned - Political power is the most serious threat to liberty.
“ Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely."


The Semmelweis Society: Medical Peer Review: Safety or Libel?

GAP The Governmental Accountability Project
The Center for Peer Justice, Inc.
The National Institutes of Health Whistleblower website
The National Whistleblower Center
Whistleblowers Australia, This website is dedicated to all the honest police and brave members of the public who are prepared to speak about police corruption and mismanagement. Whistleblowers Australia is prepared to support and provide valuable advice to any police or members of the public before, during and after they report criminal police activity. Even today after the success of the Fitzgerald & Wood Royal Commissions Police whistleblowers continue to be harassed, victimized and branded by the guilty as mentally defective. Honest cops still fall victim to payback allegations that are nearly always more strenuously investigated by IA Branches than the original complaint.
Steve Twedt, “Medical groups look into 'bad faith' peer reviews” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Sunday, October 24, 2004
Bryan G. Hall, The Health Care Quality Improvement Act of 1986 and Physician Peer Reviews: Success or Failure?”
Whistleblowers Australia “Abuse of Medical Assessments to Dismiss Whistleblowers” December 1997

Jean Lennane, “Battered Plaintiffs - injuries from hired guns and compliant courts” April 2000
More Tales of Peer Review!
ALLAN TOBIAS, MD, JD “The Shamming of Physicians and Other Providers”

Yann H.H. van Geertruyden, “THE FOX GUARDING THE HENHOUSE: HOW THE HEALTH CARE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1986 AND STATE PEER REVIEW PROTECTION STATUTES HAVE HELPED PROTECT BAD FAITH PEER REVIEW IN THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY” J. Contemp. Health L. & Pol'y 239, Copyright (c) 2001 The Catholic University of America Journal of Contemporary Health Law & Policy Winter, 2001
18 J. Contemp. Health L. & Pol'y 239

Andrew Jack in London and Victoria Griffith in Boston “Drugmakers to publish more data on trials” January 6 2005 00:52

Jean Lennane “The canary down the mine: what whistleblowers' health tells us about their environment” Paper given at Department of Criminology, Melbourne University, conference: "Whistleblowers: protecting the Nation's conscience?" November 17, 1995

Suppression of dissent -Documents and contacts Brian Martin postal address: STS, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia web: email:

Finbarr O'Reilly, “Women Achieve Workplace Equality -- As Bullies” National Post (September 21, 2000)

Benedict Carey, “Fear in the Workplace: The Bullying Boss” (June 22, 2004)The New York Times
Diane E. Lewis “Bullying Bosses” Boston Globe Sunday, June 5, 2005

Myron Peretz Glazer, Penina Migdal Glazer The Whistleblowers: Exposing Corruption in Government and Industry 1991-02-01 Basic Books ISBN: 0465091741

C, Fred Alford, Whistleblowers: Broken Lives and Organizational Power 2002-02-01 Cornell University Press ISBN: 0801487803
Roberta Ann Johnson, Whistleblowing: When It Works-And Why 2002-12-01 L. Rienner Publishers ISBN: 1588261395

MICHAEL SCHEUER, Imperial Hubris: Why the West is Losing the War on Terror MICHAEL SCHEUER Potomac Books ISBN: 1574888498

Terance D. Miethe, Whistleblowing at Work: Tough Choices in Exposing Fraud, Waste, and Abuse on the Job (Crime and Society Series) 1999-01-01 Westview Press ISBN: 0813335493

Marcia P. Miceli, Janet P. Near, Blowing the Whistle 1992-01-01 Lexington Books ISBN: 0669195995
James Thurlow and Julien Wiggins “Whistleblowing : A Review of the Senate Recommendations” 1994 (Tas) 82 PPL
Bob Woffinden “Cover-up” The Guardian Saturday August 25, 2001Twenty years ago, 1,000 people died in an epidemic that spread across Spain. Poisoned cooking oil was blamed - an explanation that suited government and giant chemical corporations. It was, argues Bob Woffinden, who investigated the scandal in the 80s, the prototype scientific fraud that has found echoes around the world,3858,4244093-103425,00.html
Lord Acton, “The History of Freedom in Antiquity” An Address Delivered to the Members of the Bridgnorth Institute, February 26,1877, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty 161 Ottawa NW, Ste. 301 • Grand Rapids, MI 49503 phone: (616) 454-3080 • fax: (616) 454-9454 • email:

The History of the American Society of Addiction Medicine or ASAM

The New Criminologist Published on 25 November 2005
Author PARKER, Janet Louise, D.V.M.,B.S.

The History of the American Society of Addiction Medicine or ASAM

By Dr. Janet Louise Parker

Why would 20 doctors, nurses and other health officials kill themselves after being treated by the American Society of Addiction Medicine program? The reason can be found in the history and philosophy of the ASAM (The American Society of Addiction Medicine). In spite of grave concerns regarding violations of confidentiality and informed consent and the proven coercion and abuse of patients, these boot camp like programs are forced on licensed medical professionals. The health professionals are threatened with expulsion from their professional employment and with not being certified which often means the loss of one’s professional career. The United States Public may not realize that Doctors are forced into mandated programs. There no longer needs to be proof of impairment, unsubstantiated claims or suspicions may be all that is needed to place an accused Doctor in the “program. Written charges of the accusations may not be provided to the accused Doctor. All that is needed for the Doctor to be involuntarily detained is the signature of one Psychiatrist. Isn't it illegal, or at best unethical to forcibly refer patients to yourself? But ASAM forcibly refers patients to its own treatment centers through Professional Medical Licensing Boards.

Consider the case of Dr. Leonard Masters who suffered false imprisonment and was held against his will for 4 months for an alcohol problem that was proven to be fabricated. He sued the Atlanta area mental hospital and won $1.3 million dollar judgment for malpractice, fraud, and false imprisonment. Whistleblowing doctors face real challenges and clear dangers when they come forward to provide information regarding criminal behavior which involves addiction treatment or mental health services. The backlash can be career ending or even life ending in the case of suicide.

Dr. G. Douglas Talbott is a physician who suffered from alcoholism and was the Medical Director of the Talbott Recovery Campus (TMRC) in Atlanta, Georgia. Dr. Talbott believes in confronting doctors, coercing and compelling them into treatment into his AA 12 step program. He set out to create a medical specialty society for addiction medicine and to change existing laws in order to coerce medical staff into treatment programs run by ASAM. Dr. Talbott was the previous President of ASAM from 1997-1999. He was in the forefront of the consolidation of various alcohol and drug treatment organizations into to the present American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). In 1999 Talbott stepped down as president of ASAM, but only after a $1.3 million dollar judgment against him for his treatment of a patient, Dr. Leonard Masters, of Jacksonville Florida. Treatment by G. Douglas Talbott, MD, had been described by patients in court testimony, as being demeaning, coercive, and medically inappropriate.

In May, 1999, a jury awarded Dr. Leonard Masters the substantial judgment for malpractice, fraud, and false imprisonment, based on Masters' 1994 stay with Talbott at an Atlanta area mental hospital. Masters says they misdiagnosed him as an alcoholic and held him against his will for four months. Masters accused hospital officials of ordering him to undergo a four-day evaluation at Anchor in 1992 or lose his professional license following complaints that he was writing too many prescriptions for pain medication. An associate made an unfounded allegation. That evaluation turned into a four-month stay in which he was diagnosed as an alcoholic and forced into a treatment program, even though he tested negative for alcohol or narcotics. The former president of the ASAM, Dr. Anne Geller had to testify in court that Dr. Masters had been incorrectly diagnosed alcohol dependent. The panel ultimately found that Masters' diagnosis amounted to malpractice. The fraud claim was considered by the jury to be "intentional.”

But ASAM still kept G. Douglas Talbott as a member of ASAM's Board, even after that judgment. But to prevent any further successful lawsuits, ASAM made it a priority to change existing laws in all states, so that they could never be sued again. These new laws give them immunity for civil and criminal damages even in the case of a patient’s suicide while under treatment in one of their facilities. Thus granting them the power to “deputize” their agents and avoid the legal responsibility for their own actions. These laws prevent Doctors from bringing any legal action at the state level against the ASAM facilities or staff.

It is surprising that in spite of high levels of suicides from patients in the ASAM programs, United States medical licensing boards continue to order health care professionals into treatment with the ASAM. In one 4 year period at a Atlanta based facility run by Talbott, 5 health care professionals committed suicide. One doctor, Dr. Paul G. Cohen, who criticized Talbott’s programs found that Talbott retaliated by continually accusing him of drug or alcohol addiction. Dr. Cohen as a result of these false accusations, underwent at least five psychiatric evaluations and more than 30 drug tests, none of which revealed substance abuse. Further investigation showed that the allegations of drug abuse were totally unsubstantiated.

In spite of these abuses the ASAM seems to have suffered no professional repercussions. They have even published a volume, Principles of Addiction Medicine. In this book they outline their principles but never address ethical issues — such as violations of confidentiality and informed consent, and coercion and abuse of often highly vulnerable individuals.

Other patients of the ASAM program in Atlanta (TMRC) were required to give "first steps" in front of the entire client population. This involved humiliating the client in front of a room of strangers in order to force him/her to admit their “problem.” These sessions were even shared with staff from a visiting local university staff without the consent of the patient. These exercises involved very detailed and intimate accounts of the client's drug addiction. No releases for sharing of medical information were signed, a clear violation of patient privacy rights. If clients don’t admit to guilt they are told that they are in “Malignant Denial”. Treatment at the ASAM Atlanta program involved yelling at patients, pages of rules to follow, and punishments.

One TMRC patient who had a previous manic-depressive illness was prevented from having proper medication for his primary disorder and instead labeled as “Addictive Disease”. This emphasis meant that the entire “Master Treatment Plan” focused on Addiction and never addressed the bi-polar issue at all.

When the medical charts of the Dr. Talbott’s ASAM program were examined, it was found that 96% of those sent to Talbott Recovery Program in Atlanta would stay for OVER four months — some stayed two years — unless their insurance ran out. The treatment would last as long as the money was there to pay for it and the patient was not legally allowed to “opt out”. There was a lack of medical supervision of these lay addiction treatment team members. Doctors, the patients never met, signed off the medical charts. The ASAM staff made the primary diagnosis “Addiction” as that is the only specialty in which they could claim credentials. Therefore in order to bill for services rendered, a non attending Doctor with the right credentials in Psychiatry or Psychology, then signed off on the charts for billing purposes. This was a very lucrative fraudulent billing scheme.

The ASAM’s A Guideline for Credentialing and Privileging of Clinical Professionals for Care of Substance-Related Disorders: A Joint Statement of the American Society of Addiction Medicine and the American Managed Behavioral Healthcare Association allows persons without an MD degree to ascribe a “diagnosis to a patient” and then institute “treatment”. It states “Whether a non-physician can ascribe a 'diagnosis' to a patient he/she has assessed is determined by the professional practice acts of a given state of the union. “

Even after leaving the facility the Doctor’s patient rights would be violated. One physician patient indicated in court testimony that staff members contacted the _______ State Bar Association, to inform them that he had left the facility "AMA." (against medical advice). As you should know, such breaches of confidentiality are criminal in nature, punishable by substantial fines and even jail time.

State Licensing agencies in the United States state that participation is “voluntary” but threats of losing licenses amounts to intimidation. There is a coercive pressure, which is exerted through the licensing agencies, which mandate treatment at an ASAM facility. This effectively removes the patient’s absolute constitutional right to make his or her own choices regarding treatment or to refuse treatment. The ASAM seeks to remove from the patient their own right of autonomy and right to refuse treatment. This civil and human right is critical for any mental health patient.

Coercion plays a highly controversial role in the administration of mental health services including services for drug addiction or alcoholism. Involuntary commitment to mental hospitals -- and "voluntary" hospitalization to avoid imminent commitment may cause patients to be so alienated that they refuse to comply with treatment as soon as the coercion is lifted. Patients are also reluctant to seek voluntary treatment in the future for fear of being coerced again. Treatment outcomes produced by coercion may be very transitory.

Members of ASAM have no respect for patients’ point of view or alternative approaches to addiction or drinking problems. They are willing to rely on coercion and threats to get and keep patients in their program. If the targeted person doesn't own up, the addiction treatment team feels justified in applying, indeed obligated, to apply a range of coercive techniques, from peer group pressure, deception, entrapment, workplace bullying, social isolation and threat of removal of licensure. There is an assumption of guilt; the treatment system requires innocent people to prove that they are not guilty. Patients are forced into the 12-step precepts of confession and contrition.

The ASAM has been proactive to have state legislatures enact laws that will completely remove any liability, criminal or civil, for the actions of members or deputized agents of ASAM. This means that no further damages will be awarded to the widows of those who commit suicide after treatment by the ASAM addiction treatment team. In addition ASAM has placed into practice laws that prevent patients from refusing treatment by the ASAM and allow coercive and forced treatment even when there is no proof of impairment (only suspicion). A statement of suspicion, without substantial proof is enough to cause a doctor to be threatened with removal of their license. In addition the ASAM has fostered laws in each state that allow their affiliated agencies to use state funds to gain proof of impairment of the patient through investigative techniques. In 2000 ASAM lobbied for mandated placement of all Medicaid clients into ASAM programs in Oregon thus replacing publicly funded and operated programs with the privately owned ASAM Contract organizations. ASAM has worked for legislation in every state to limit civil and criminal liability, increase options for the use of force and coercion, and increase publicly paid service provisions for addiction treatment. This maximizes the profit to the ASAM Doctors but limits their liability. These laws extend immunity for liability to contracted program staff in the private sector.

Due to recently passed laws, patients have no right of refusal, and no legal right to bring civil or criminal suit against the ASAM for abusive or harmful treatment. Any medical patient who attempts to whistleblow on abusive practices or excessive billing practices will suffer threats against their license. Patients who had witnessed abusive treatment of others, are fearful of coming forward because they might loose their own medical license, or be forced to stay longer in treatment as punishment for reporting.

Psychiatric care permits the doctor to act against the patient’s own wishes, even drugging them if the doctor dictates. Physical restraints, isolations and withholding contact with family members and friends, refusal to call a lawyer, involvement of employer and co-workers as spies, can force the patient into submission. As patients have no right to sign themselves out of treatment, they are kept often until the insurance runs out or until the time limit allowed for care has been exceeded. This marriage of privately owned profit making enterprises with state sanctioned immunity from civil and criminal prosecution makes this system perfect for medical fraud and illegal billing practices. Couple that with the power and authority of the medical licensing boards and the ability to use state funds for entrapping investigative practices. This coercive program can violate the most basic civil and human rights and removes freedom of choice from its patients especially in light of mandated treatment of Medicaid patients or licensed medical professionals.

In addition to the ASAM’s efforts to be the mandated provider of addiction treatment services for all Medicaid patients and all medical health professionals, ASAM had lobbied for increased monies from State and Federal sources for payment for extended treatment stays. The ability to obtain payment from governmental programs is often a matter of knowing how to fill out the paperwork to optimize the money available for payment for services. Ordinarily having increased money available would increase appropriate care but not when the patient is forced involuntarily into treatment and kept with coercive and intimidating psychiatric methods. Dr. Leonard Masters, of Jacksonville Florida was kept for 4 months against his will and treated for an addiction that he did not have. This is a highly effective program which can be used to silence a medical whistleblower.

Physicians already fear being targeted by fellow doctors through the process of Bad Faith Peer Review. The American Association of Physicians and Surgeons (4,000 members) says that the peer review panel consists mainly of physicians and the system is open to manipulation and needs reform. When allegations of poor care or other serious complaints against a doctor are decided in secret, fair due process is often denied to the accused Doctor.

False Allegations of drug abuse or alcohol abuse are easy to fabricate and the Mandated Impaired Provider Treatment by ASAM easily manipulated. Dr. G Douglas Talbott has devised a protocol for labeling a person as addicted, based on behavioral signs, even without any positive drug or alcohol testing. ASAM has pushed through legislation in many states to allow just a suspicion based on these behavioral signs to allow coercive measures to be used against medical professionals “suspected of impairment.”

The Semmelweis Society, whose members are mostly doctors who have been victims of "malicious peer review," say that the Peer Review process is used to damage competitors or punish whistle-blowers. The use of forced hostile psychiatric evaluations can silence medical whistleblowers. Atlanta, Georgia is where ASAM and Dr. G. Douglas Talbott had their addiction treatment center and is now the site of one of the largest medical corruption cases in years (Grady Hospital in Atlanta). Hostile psychiatric examinations were used to intimidate witnesses in that case.

Dr. Robert Lifton labeled this extraordinarily high degree of social control characteristic of organizations that operate reform programs as their totalistic quality (Lifton 1961). This concept refers to the mobilization of the entirety of the person's social, and often physical, environment in support of the manipulative effort. This can be called brainwashing and is often used in cults.

Considering this drug addiction treatment philosophy, it is concerning that licensed medical providers (Doctors, Nurses, Dentists, Chiropractors, Pharmacists, Veterinarians) in most states face ASAM mandated professional providers. Doctors are kept silent about the fraudulent billing practices because of concerns for their professional careers. To what extent Doctors who might know about medical fraud or criminal behavior, are intimidated by threats from a mandated professional provider system will never be fully known. Silence is the unspoken rule.

Many doctors who have been exposed to the ASAM 12-step program will recognize these techniques of coercion/persuasion. One has to question the use of these coercive methods in conjunction with state sanctioned immunity for civil and criminal liability for any harm done to the patient. Historically there have been many instances of outright mistreatment in drug treatment and mental health facilities. There is also a pattern of using Bad Faith Peer Review, Forced Involuntary Hostile Psychiatric Evaluations and of False Allegations on Whistleblowing doctors. If patients are denied their own rights and the ethical doctors are prevented from whistleblowing through threats and intimidation, the system is ripe for fraudulent billing practices. In light of this knowledge it is particularly concerning that American doctors in Washington State face a Washington Physicians Health Program that has state sanctioned civil and criminal immunity for harm done to patients in their programs. Under such a system how can a Doctor be a whistleblower on abusive practices, corruption or fraud.

Dr. Lifton always maintained that such coercion used by these drug treatment programs could only influence short-term behavior, not permanently change long term behavior, beliefs or personality. .Dr. Lifton identified eight themes or properties of reform environments that contribute to their totalistic quality:
Control of communication
Emotional and behavioral manipulation
Demands for absolute conformity to behavior prescriptions derived from the ideology
Obsessive demands for confession
Agreement that the ideology is faultless
Manipulation of language in which cliches substitute for analytic thought
Reinterpretation of human experience and emotion in terms of doctrine
Classification of those not sharing the ideology as inferior and not worthy of respect
Robert J. Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism (1961), ISBN 0807842532 pp. 419-437, 1987

In the USA (Washington State), these two laws passed by the Washington State House and Washington State Senate that changed the legal aspects of the ASAM program (Washington Physicians Health Program)

Washington State HOUSE BILL REPORT HB 1618 As Reported By House Committee On: Health Care, Title: An act relating to treatment programs for impaired physicians. Brief Description: Modifying certain aspects of programs that treat impaired physicians.

The "impaired physician program" is changed in several respects. Regulated health professions may contract with the Medical Quality Assurance Commission for providing services to other impaired health practitioners.

The requirement that the physician be verified as impaired before the commission can intervene is expanded to provide the commission with the ability to intervene when a non-compliant or non-cooperative physician is suspected of impairment.

Immunity from civil and criminal liability is provided for commission members and staff under the "impaired physician program" and extended to program staff for information submitted to the disciplinary authorities.

Testimony For: The authority of the impaired physician program needs to be updated to reflect current usage and terminology. Immunity from legal liability needs to be clarified and extended to program staff.

Testimony Against: Immunity from liability should not be extended to contracted program staff in the private sector.

Testified: Representative Skinner, prime sponsor; Lynn Hankes and Andy Dolan, Washington State Medical Association (pro); and Ron Weaver, Department of Health (con).

Washington State SENATE BILL REPORT SB 6545, As Reported By Senate Committee On: Health & Long-Term Care, February 6, 1998 Title: An act relating to treatment programs for impaired physicians. Testified: Lynn Hankes, M.D., WA Physician Health Program (pro).

“The impaired physician's program includes extension of immunity to the entity that runs the impaired physician's program……… The scope of the impaired physician's program is broadened to include treatment and assessment of reports of suspected impairment…. The impaired physician program is given authority to select treatment programs for its patients.”

California Society of Addiction Medicine is the California branch of ASAM
Washington Physicians Health Program is actually a renamed version of WASAM (Washington Association of Addiction Medicine) and is a branch of ASAM

Stanton Peele “A Prototypical Case of Alcoholism Treatment and Coercion: G. Douglas Talbott “
In the Belly of the American Society of Addiction Medicine Beast Threats and Indoctrination at Talbott Recovery Campus Reactions to the ASAM/Talbott Trial

ASAM Takes No Action as Founder, Past President, and Board Member Held Liable for Fraud and Malpractice

Dave Williams, “Doctor wins his lawsuit; Says hospital misdiagnosed him” The Florida Times-Union (Jacksonville, FL) May 25, 1999 Tuesday, City Edition METRO; Pg. B-3

Dr. Salvo, “The Harbinger consists of area faculty, staff and students, and members of the Mobile community.” The Harbinger, Mobile Alabama, The Harbinger is a non-profit education foundation

Joe Sharkey, Bedlam: Greed, Profiteering, and Fraud in a Mental Health System Gone Crazy , St Martins Pr; 1st edition (April, 1994) ISBN: 0312104219 In 1993 a FBI investigation revealed $1.74 billion Medicare- and Medicaid fraud by 86 Psychiatric hospitals in Texas (National Medical Enterprises and others). Some hospitals used questionable or totally unethical marketing practices, going so far as to offer bounties of up to $1500 for referrals.

Dean Anason, “IN DEPTH: HEALTH-CARE QUARTERLY” November 8, 1996 print edition Biz Journals
Anchor and Talbott-Marsh treat addicted professionals

ASAM’s A Guideline for Credentialing and Privileging of Clinical Professionals for Care of Substance-Related Disorders: A Joint Statement of the American Society of Addiction Medicine and the American Managed Behavioral Healthcare Association

On Coercion, Attitude Change and Mental Health Services
Richard J. Ofshe, Ph.D. “Coercive Persuasion and Attitude Change” Encyclopedia of Sociology Volume 1, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York

THE MacARTHUR COERCION STUDY, May 2004 John Monahan, School of Law, University of Virginia, 580 Massie Road, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903-1789 (e-mail:

Bennett, N., Lidz, C., Monahan, J., Mulvey, E., Hoge, K., Roth, L. and Gardner, W. (1993). Inclusion, motivation, and good faith: The morality of coercion in mental hospital admission. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 11, 295-306.

Dennis, D., and Monahan, J. (Eds.). (1996). Coercion and Aggressive Community Treatment: A New Frontier in Mental Health Law. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation.

Hoge, S., Lidz, C., Mulvey, E., Roth, L., Bennett, N., Siminoff, L., Arnold, R., Monahan, J. (1993). Patient, family, and staff perceptions of coercion in mental hospital admission: An exploratory study. Behavioral Sciences and the Law 20, 281-293.

Hoge, S., Lidz, C., Eisenberg, M., Gardner, W., Monahan, J., Mulvey, E., Roth, L., and Bennett, N. (1997). Perceptions of coercion in the admission of voluntary and involuntary psychiatric patients. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 20, 167-181.

Lidz, C. (1998). Coercion in psychiatric care: What have we learned from research? Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 26, 631-637.

Lidz, C., Mulvey, E., Arnold, R., Bennett, N., and Kirsch, B. (1993). Coercive interactions in a psychiatric emergency room. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 11, 269-280.

Lidz, C., Hoge, S., Gardner, W., Bennett, N., Monahan, J., Mulvey, E., and Roth, L. (1995). Perceived coercion in mental hospital admission: Pressures and process. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 1034-1039.

Lidz, C., Mulvey, E., Hoge, S., Kirsch, B., Monahan, J., Eisenberg, M., Gardner, W., and Roth. (1998). Factual sources of mental patients' perceptions of coercion in the hospital admission process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1254-60.

Lidz, C., Mulvey, E., Hoge, S., Kirsch, B., Monahan, J., Bennett, N., Eisenberg, M., Gardner, W., and Roth, L. (1997). The validity of mental patients' accounts of coercion-related behaviors in the hospital admission process. Law and Human Behavior, 21, 361-376.

Lidz, C., Mulvey, E., Hoge, S., Kirsch, B., Monahan, J., Bennett, N., Eisenberg, M., Gardner, W., and Roth, L. (2000). Sources of coercive behaviors in psychiatric admissions. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 101, 73-79.

Monahan, J., Hoge, S., Lidz, C., Roth, L., Bennett, N., Gardner, W., and Mulvey, E. (1995). Coercion and commitment: Understanding involuntary mental hospital admission. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 18, 249-263.

Monahan, J., Hoge, S., Lidz, C., Eisenberg, M., Bennett, N., Gardner, W., Mulvey, E. & Roth, L. (1996). Coercion to inpatient treatment: Initial results and implications for assertive treatment in the community. In D. Dennis and J. Monahan (Eds.), Coercion and Aggressive Community Treatment: A New Frontier in Mental Health Law. New York: Plenum Publishing Corporation (pp. 13-28).

Monahan, J., Lidz, C., Hoge, S., Mulvey, E., Eisenberg, M., Roth, L., Gardner, W., & Bennett, N. (1999). Coercion in the provision of mental health services: The MacArthur studies. In J.Morrissey, and J. Monahan (Eds), Research in Community and Mental Health, Vol. 10: Coercion in Mental Health Services -- International Perspectives. Stamford, Connecticut: JAI Press (pp. 13-30).

For criticism of Alcoholics Anonymous and its 12 step program see the following website:

For additional information on Robert Jay Lifton

Robert J. Lifton, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism (1961), Robert Jay Lifton is a Visiting Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. And over his long career, he's studied the New Global Terrorism, the aftermath of the Hiroshima bomb, Nazi doctors, and the Aum Shinrikyo cult that released poison gas in the Tokyo subway. He is, one of the world's foremost experts on the disturbing violence of our times. ISBN 0807842532 pp. 419-437, 1987

Cult Formation Lifton outlines the eight psychological themes that distinguishes a cult from a mere political, religious, or social grouping.

Evil, the Self, and Survival: A Conversation with Robert Jay Lifton, M.D.In this "Conversation with History" from the Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley, Robert J. Lifton explains his intellectual journey from his childhood home of Brooklyn to his groundbreaking studies in the scientific field of psychohistory. Discussion themes vary from death and the continuity of life; psychic numbing; the survivor motif; the socialization to evil; doubling; and terrorism, as these concepts interact and explain the more devastating events of the 20th century.

For additional information on The Grady Hospital Corruption Case, Atlanta, Georgia

Summary of corruption unearthed by the New Criminologist and the Atlanta whistleblower team.Published on 15 September 2005 Author/Source: TNC Staff reporter Atlanta
#HCA, inc. Facing massive liability associated with Medicaid fraudJune 30, 2005 Author/Source: Grady Coalition

Atlanta Corruption: New Whistleblower Emerges with Damning EvidenceApril 24, 2005 Author/Source: Christopher Berry-Dee

Death of a Foster Child

Published in the New Criminologist on 03 July 2005

Death of a Foster Child

By Janet Parker

The January 2001 murder of a 16-year-old girl exposes the truth that even quiet rural communities are not immune from the ravages of drug abuse and serious organized crime organizations. Christal Jones who was a ward of the Vermont Social and Rehabilitation Services Department (SRS) was found lying dead on a bed; face up in a New York City apartment. Christal was supposed to be supervised by SRS and placed in an independent living program run by the nonprofit Spectrum Youth & Family Services.

On January 3, 2001 Christal Jones, a Burlington VT Foster Child, who was a chronic runaway and had been enticed into a life of prostitution, was found dead in a New York City apartment. According to news reports, Jose Rodriguez and Beverly Holland recruited her in Burlington convinced her to move to New York, and become part of a prostitution ring. It was believed that she was enticed into the prostitution ring by a desire to get money to buy heroin. "Heroin is a tool of predation," said Will Rowe, executive director of Spectrum Youth & Family Services. "You can use it to ensnare and hold anyone."

Court records indicate Bronx police initially treated Jones’ death Jan. 3 as a drug overdose. But forensic evidence did not prove the heroin overdose that was first suspected. Instead only trace amounts of drugs (GHB, Antidepressants and methadone) were found in her blood. Bronx Detective David Concepcion was unsure whether Christal might have died accidentally or it could be a homicide. There was blood on her nose and foam in her mouth. Christal’s mother, Kathleen Wright noted that Christal’s face seemed swollen and discolored. Initially Ellen Vargo of the Bronx Medical Examiner's Office said her office was awaiting receipt of the final toxicology results and additional police investigative reports before making a decision about how Jones died. The Bronx medical examiner took a month to make it official. Christal Jean Jones, the 16-year-old Burlington girl found dead in a Bronx apartment Jan. 3, was the victim of a homicide, according to New York City's top medical officer. "The cause of death was asphyxiation, and the manner of death is homicide," said Ellen Borakove, spokeswoman for the New York City Medical Examiner's Office.

The forensic evidence did not point to a heroin overdose, as her blood was negative for heroin. Christal Jones’ blood did however, have trace amounts of Gamma hydroxybutyrate. Many are not aware that (GHB) Gamma hydroxybutyrate can be a highly addictive drug and is often used in prostitution rings. The drugs effect to lower sexual inhibitions has led to its increasing use in prostitution. People subject to drug testing programs often use GHB as an alcohol substitute and to bypass testing.

Christal was the product of a broken home. Christal entered the Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services (SRS) child welfare system in 1996, as a child in need of supervision. She was only 11 years old. She then spent much of the next five years bouncing between foster homes and residential treatment programs (including those for substance abuse). She was a chronic runaway and ran from her placements at least 12 times, according to the SRS. At age 14, Christal became pregnant and later miscarried. She was charged with several crimes, including car theft and threatening other girls with a knife. For a while in 1999 she was placed in the Woodside Juvenile Rehabilitation Center, which holds youths from ages 10 to 18 for up to 60 days. Finally she was placed in an independent living program run by the nonprofit Spectrum Youth & Family Services in 2000. She was already involved with drugs and prostitution and appropriate intervention did not occur. Spectrum’s One Stop program in downtown Burlington is described as a drop-in center and a safe place for runaway and homeless youth. But many of the youth instead hang out on Church Street (Burlington’s main drag, one block away), where drug dealers and adult sexual predators hang out.

A dozen girls from Vermont Foster Care may have been involved in this New York ring. After Christal’s death others have come forward to say that teenage girls in Burlington are prostituting themselves to get money to buy heroin and other drugs. Prosecutors said the leader of a drug and prostitution ring in New York visited Vermont with promises of love and money to lure girls living in foster homes and state-run shelters. “These guys were up here, allegedly, basically going to places where there were troubled girls,” Governor Howard Dean later told reporters.

These girls were all terrified of the criminals who were prostituting them. Even the parents (foster and biological) were afraid to cooperate with police because their daughters were in danger. Christal Jones ran away from the Spectrum facility for the last time in September 2000 and was never seen alive again.

Two suspects Jose Rodriguez, 29, and Beverly Holland, 42, were tried for promoting the Bronx based prostitution ring. Young foster girls were coerced into offering sex in exchange for heroin and, eventually, performing sex acts because they were too afraid to refuse. Rodriguez is also charged with statutory rape. Jose A. Rodriguez, plead guilty in 2002 to five counts of transporting minors across state lines with the intent that the girls engage in prostitution. Romeo maintained sexual relations with the girls. He forced them to work three to four nights per week, sometimes having sex with as many as 15 men in a single night. He is now serving 10 years. Beverly Holland was convicted of eight counts of transporting and conspiring to transport the girls and young women across state lines to become prostitutes. She is serving 19 years.

A 1991 study by the National Association of Social Workers found that more than 20 percent of youths in homeless shelters, came from foster or group homes. It is estimated by a recent federal study that more than 5,000 kids leave foster care each year simply by running away. In Washington State operators of the runaway lock-up facilities estimate that 27 percent of the youths fled public care facilities.

Chronic runaways often fall into “a netherworld between prevention and juvenile detention”: They often do not meet the criteria to be locked up because they’re not accused of crimes, they generally can’t be committed to mental facilities because they haven’t hurt anyone. Foster Care Youth who move from one facility to the next, often don’t form long-term bonds with any youth worker. “Even if you do get a good social worker, you learn those social workers aren’t going to be there for very long.”

The kids in public care have already been traumatized – removed from their families, abused, orphaned, suffering from emotional problems and sometimes mental illness. Moving between foster care facilities or other institutions leaves foster care teenagers feeling rootless, and often they just want to flee back to their old neighborhoods and friends. They are rebellious and distrustful of adults and put themselves repeatedly at risk.

In a recent Vermont Conference to deal with these issues Sharon Peters said at least 70 percent of girls who end up in state custody nationwide have been sexually abused, compared with about 40 percent of boys in custody. When including emotional and physical abuse, as well as indirect abuse such as watching a sibling be hurt, 100 percent of girls in state custody have been victimized, she said. Delinquent girls are flooding into Vermont’s social services system at nearly three times the rate they did a decade ago.

In Washington State, legislators voted to create lock-up facilities for runaways in 1995 after the murder of a 13-year-old girl who’d fled her adoptive home. The state has nine locked Crisis Residential Centers (total beds: 66), where runaway youth are held for up to five days while their condition and treatment needs are assessed. Charlie Chelan, executive director of Community Youth Services in Olympia, WA told the Seattle Post-Intelligencer two years ago that 10 to 15 percent of chronic runners needed locked residential treatment programs.

Although the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act prohibits locking up status offenders, the State of Washington justifies the practice because so many kids escaped from Washington’s lock-ups, that they didn’t really qualify as locked facilities. Ten to 15 percent of the kids in the lock-ups run by Washington do escape, says Program Administrator James Mowrey. For safety reasons, he says, the doors have time-release mechanisms, so “a kid can push on a door for 15 seconds and it opens.” So the state has opened four lock-ups in county juvenile detention centers, where there are no time-release mechanisms. In these lock up facilities no runaways have fled. The response from the Federal Department of Justice (DOJ) was to rule that those facilities are lock-ups, and as such, are in violation of Federal law. DOJ has told those 4 counties that they will lose their federal Title V delinquency prevention funds.

Kathleen Wright, the mother of Christal Jones believes that her daughter was the victim of the still-unsolved homicide. She alleges the Social and Rehabilitation Services Department was negligent in watching Jones and failed to protect her from harm. A state investigation was started to look into systematic problems of the Foster Care System and into the actions of social service agencies charged with the custody of troubled teens.

But the SRS evaluation concluded that the department had done all it could for her. This conclusion was questioned later by investigators appointed by the governor who reported that SRS employees, other state workers and local police had suspected as early as May 2000 that Jones was involved in a drug and prostitution ring in New York City. Several other SRS runaways were part of the same ring and it was known from them this prostitution ring specialized in luring girls who lived in foster homes and state-run shelters by offering them Heroin.
In March, a second Vermont teen died Jones, Shawn Farnsworth, 17, of Rutland. Shawn had cycled through state rehabilitation programs and jail. He couldn’t stay off drugs and alcohol. On March 12, 2001 Shawn injected an overdose of heroin and lapsed into a coma and later died.
According to The Rutland Daily Herald (1/26/01) recent estimates indicate that heroin use in the rural state of Vermont has doubled in just the past three years, and the number of people seeking drug treatment has risen even more rapidly. There has been a sharp rise in teenage drug abuse with the average age of the first time Heroin user now only 17 years old. Vermont's various police departments turned in four times more seized heroin to the state's forensic lab in 2000 than they did in 1999. Shocked by these twin tragedies, Governor Howard Dean and legislative leaders responded with investigations, public hearings, news conferences and proposals to shore up the state system of care for rebellious and drug-using teenagers. He backed passage of a law that makes it a crime for someone to harbor a runaway. William Young, commissioner of the state Department of Social and Rehabilitation Services had his staff review the files for all children and teens in state care. ‘‘It is the most comprehensive look at kids in custody and on probation ever done,’’ he said. ‘‘I felt we had to come into this legislative session with a lot more information about kids.’’ Young said the survey showed 92 percent of teens had ‘‘adequate placements,’’ meaning they had an appropriate place to live, counseling, school options, substance abuse treatment and other special services if needed. But weaknesses in the system were very apparent - high caseloads, long waiting lists for mental health services and inadequate programs to smooth teens’ transition from structured facilities to independent living. Of the state’s 73,000 teenagers, 998 were in state custody. There were 392 who were on probation as juvenile delinquents; 366 were victims of abuse or neglect; and 240 were unmanageable. 39 percent were in foster care; 20 percent live at home; 19 percent were in residential care in Vermont; 6 percent were living with relatives; 5 percent were placed in out-of-state residential programs; 5 percent were in pre-adoptive homes; 4 percent were living independently. The State survey found that 900 children had adequate placements, while only 78 were found to be in inadequate placements.

These two tragedies were then followed a heinous drug-related triple murder in Rutland, Vermont. Two 20 year olds, Robert Lee and Donald Fell, had spent the night drinking and taking crack cocaine. While high they allegedly murdered Fell’s mother and a friend. They are accused of carjacking a woman arriving for work at a local supermarket and then driving to New York, where they beat her to death. The two youth were indicted by a federal grand jury for carjacking resulting in death and kidnapping, (Burlington Free Press, 1/5/01)

Governor Howard Dean announced several steps to improve services to “high-risk” youth, including installing alarms and security systems in residential youth facilities, training more staff at such facilities to be certified substance-abuse counselors, and adding after-care supervision. He also announced a broad plan to attack heroin and other drug trafficking and use. Drugs were used as the bait to lure Christal and other girls into prostitution and were linked to the triple murder in Rutland.

But the story of Christal Jones doesn’t end there, as her two brothers are charged with first degree murder. In October 2002, Daniel Jones and his younger brother Jesse Jones were arrested and charged in connection with Elrehaine Whitely's death. According to police, Whitely was shot inside a car during a crack cocaine deal gone awry. A group of five young people summoned Whitely to the apartment in a ruse to purchase cocaine from him, but instead ambushed and attempted to rob him, and then began shooting. All five faced charges of felony murder. Daniel Jones, 23, pleaded guilty to the September 2004 shooting death of Elrehaine Whitely 27. Jesse Jones, 19, Christal Jones' younger brother, was also charged with felony-murder charges. Clearly there is a cost to the community of not providing appropriate social services for these foster children, Intervention needs to occur earlier in the lives of these wards of the state.

Further Information about Christal Jones’ murder:

Trinka Porrata, “GHB Addiction & Withdrawal Syndrome”
GHB Addiction Helpline via:

Emily Stone, “December 30: Who killed Christal Jones?”

Sam Hemingway, “ October 26: Teen was sober when killed” Autopsy says girl was not on drugs at time of N.Y. death

Tom Zolper, “April 18: Report: State knew of sex ring: Agencies aware in May that girl was in Bronx”

Emily Stone, “May 9: Rodriguez pleads innocent” Man faces charges for teen sex ring

Sam Hemingway, “May 9: Locking up Rodriguez will not solve Vermont’s problem”

Lisa Jones, “June 19: Counselors troubled by girls” Delinquency rise poses a challenge

Emily Stone, “November 15: Lawyer seeks prostitution trial move”

Candace Page, ”Fell defense portrays killer's violent childhood” July 02. 2005 12:00AM

Nancy Remsen, “Feb. 1: Dean, Legislature to investigate girl’s death”

Nancy Remsen, “Feb. 3: SRS chief: State is doing all it can”

Ed Shamy, “Feb. 6: Suspect in teen’s death was in Vt. custody Rodriguez might have been held for parole violation”

Sam Hemingway, “ Feb. 7: Vt. teen’s death ruled homicide”

Lisa Jones and Cadence Mertz “Feb. 11: Heroin problem growing Small state sees big-city problems”

Nancy Remsen “SRS chief fills in Vermont lawmakers”

Tom Zolper “Feb. 16: Vt. runaways remain adrift”

Emily Stone, “Feb. 11: Father fears daughter might meet same fate”

“Feb. 11: The dark side of Vermont life” Girl swallowed by world of drugs and prostitution

Sam Hemingway, “Jan. 31: Dead Vt. teen linked to New York sex ring”

Tom Zolpe, “April 19: Agency seeks $5M for teens”

Emily Stone “May 6: A new, improved Job Corps”

Nancy Remsen, “ Feb. 8: Governor orders a second inquiry into teen’s death”

Ed Shamy, “March 2: Suspect skirted Vermont jails”

EDITORIAL December 30: One tragedy, many kids

Nancy Remsen “December 30: Fixing the system: Answers for troubled teens elude state”

“Man charged in prostitution case investigated in 2001 slaying” October 11, 2004 AP The New York Times Company Patrick Boyle, “ Runaways from Public Care Leave Agencies Lost” Thousands flee foster care, group homes annually. Are lock-ups needed, or can program changes make kids stay?

“Mother sues state agency over daughter's death” July 4, 2004 AP The New York Times Company
“One of three suspects in Burlington murder pleads guilty” September 8, 2004 Associated Press

“Judge urges attorneys to settle 2002 murder case”
September 22, 2004 Associated Press